JESUS THE MESSIAH
Revealed in the sacred Scriptures
A. Ralph Johnson
Seed of the woman bruised by Satan
Genesis 3:14-15 14 And JEHOVAH God said unto the serpent, Because you have done this, you are cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon your belly shall you go, and dust shall you eat all the days of your life: 15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel. (cf. 1 John 3:8; Gal. 4:4; Rom. 16:20)
Seed of Abraham to bless all nations
Genesis 22:18 18 And in your seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because you have obeyed my voice. (cf. Acts 3:25; Gal. 3:8-9, 16)
Redeemer to stand upon the earth in the latter day
Job 19:25 25 For I know that my redeemer lives, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth: Luke 24:21; Titus 2:14;1 Pet. 1:18-20; Rev. 5:9)
Tribe of Judah to the Messiah
Balaam's prophecy of the Star out of Jacob
Time of Messiah's coming—before destruction of the second temple
Daniel 9:24-27 24 Seventy weeks*a are determined upon your people and upon your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. 25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah*b the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. 26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy*c the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. 27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
*a Calculating the “70 weeks” of Daniel 9:24 (Hebrew: "70 sevens")
The 69 "weeks" from the commandment to rebuild Jerusalem to Christ are weeks of years.
7 w + 62 w = 69 w + 1 w = 70 "weeks"
49 y + 434 y = 483 y + 7 y = 490 years
Decree BC 457 – 490 y = 33 AD
Born of a virgin -- "Immanuel" = "God with us."
*"Virgin": The Hebrew word is “almah” (#5959), claimed to only mean a young unmarried woman. The common word for “virgin” is “bethulah” (Gen. 24:16 etc.). Jewish scholars, around 150 years before Christ, translated "almah" into the Greek Septuagint (LXX) using the word, “parthenos” which indisputably means “virgin.” In Joel 1:8 the word, “bethulah,” normally translated "virgin," is a young woman who has a husband.
Born in Bethlehem
Called out of Egypt
Galilee to see a great light.
Child called "mighty God," to reign on the throne of David
Elijah to come and prepare his way, fulfilled in John the Baptist
Malachi 3:1 Behold, I send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant, whom ye desire, behold, he cometh, says JEHOVAH of hosts.
Malachi 4:5-6 5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of JEHOVAH: 6 And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.
Isaiah 40:3 3 The voice of him that cries in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of JEHOVAH, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
(cf. Luke 1:17; Matt. 11:13-14; 17:10-13)
Humble servant upon whom the Holy Spirit came
Anointed to preach good tidings (the gospel)
Isaiah 35:5-6 5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. 6 Then shall the lame man leap as a hart, and the tongue of the dumb shall sing; for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert. (cf. Matt. 11:3-6)
Triumphal entry into Jerusalem on a donkey
Descendent of David sits on his throne
Psalms 132:11 11 JEHOVAH has sworn in truth unto David; he will not turn from it; Of the fruit of your body will I set upon your throne.
A stone of stumbling and a rock of offense
Isaiah 8:13-14 13 Jehovah of hosts, him shall ye sanctify; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread. 14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a trap and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. (cf. Rom. 9:32-33)
Chief corner stone in God's temple
The Stone the builders rejected
A righteous branch from Jesse and David to reign as king
Jer. 23:5-6 5 Behold, the days come, says Jehovah, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and he shall reign as king and deal wisely, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. 6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely; and this is his name whereby he shall be called: Jehovah our righteousness.
Jer. 33:15 In those days, and at that time, will I cause a Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute justice and righteousness in the land.
Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Isaiah 11:10 10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.
Zechariah 3:8 8 Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.
Zechariah 6:12 12 And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of JEHOVAH:
Psalms 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of my head: they that would cut me off, being my enemies wrongfully, are mighty: that which I took not away I have to restore. (cf. John 15:23-25)
Psalms 69:9 9 For the zeal of your house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me. (John 2:17; Rom. 15:3)
Betrayed by a friend
Psalms 41:9 Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who did eat of my bread, has lifted up his heel against me. (cf. John 13:21)
Betrayal price: 30 pieces of silver
Zechariah 11:12-13 12 And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. (Matt. 26:14-15)
Betrayal price cast to the potter in the house of Jehovah
Zech. 11:13 13 And JEHOVAH said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of JEHOVAH. (cf. Matt. 27:3-10; Acts 1:16-19)
Psalms 109:8-9 8 Let his days be few; and let another take his office. (Acts 1:20)
Smite the Shepherd and the sheep scattered
Zechariah 13:7 7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, says JEHOVAH of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones. (cf. Matt. 26:31)
Psalms 22 1 My God*a, my God, why have you forsaken me? why are you so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? 2 O my God, I cry in the daytime, but you hear not; and in the night season, and am not silent. 3 But you are holy, O you who inhabits the praises of Israel. 4 Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and you delivered them. 5 They cried unto you, and were delivered: they trusted in you, and were not confounded.
6 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised *b of the people. 7 All they that see me laugh*c me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, 8 He trusted on JEHOVAH that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
9 But you are he that took me out of the womb: you didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts. 10 I was cast upon you from the womb: you are my God from my mother's belly. 11 Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round. 13 They gaped*d upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion. 14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones*e are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels. 15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and My tongue*f cleaves to my jaws; and you have brought me into the dust of death. 16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they Pierced*e my hands and my feet. 17 I may count all my bones: they look*d and stare upon me. 18 They part my garments among them, and Cast lots*g upon my vesture.
19 But be not you far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me. 20 Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog. 21 Save me from the lion's mouth: for you have heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
22 I will declare your name unto my brethren: in the midst*h of the congregation will I praise thee. 23 Ye that fear the LORD, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel. 24 For he has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither has he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard. 25 My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him. 26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise JEHOVAH that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto JEHOVAH: and all the families of the nations shall worship*i before thee. 28 For the kingdom is JEHOVAH's: and he is the governor among the nations. 29 All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow*i. before him: and none can keep alive his own soul. 30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation. 31 They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he has done this.
*a My God, my God... -- words spoken by Jesus on the cross (cf. Matt. 27:46)
*b despised (Ps. 22:6-7; cf. Isa. 53:3; Psa. 69:11-12; Matt. 27:39-44; Mark 15:18-20; Heb. 12:2-3)
*c laugh...mock (Luke 23:11, 35-39; Matt. 27:39-43)
*d gaped – stare (Matt. 27:36)
*e Pierced.. --Crucified: (cf. Zech. 12:10; John 19:16-18, 34-37; 20:19-20, 24-28; Luke 24:36-39; Rev. 1:7)
Hebrew (Masoretic) is "Like a lion." The difference is merely the shape of one similarly shaped letter. "Pierced" makes better sense and was the Greek Septuagint translation from the Hebrew around 150 years before Christ, with which the Latin and Syriac translations agree.
*f My tongue..--terrible thirst (cf. John 19:28)
*g Cast lots for his garments (cf. Matt. 27:35; John 19:23-24)
*h in the midst (cf. Heb. 2:12)
*i worship (cf. Matt. 2:1-2, 2:11; 28:9; John 20:28-29; Heb. 1:3-8; Philip. 2:10-11; Rom. 14:11; Rev. 5:8-9, 13-14; etc)
Given gall and vinegar for his thirst
Psalms 34:20 20 He keeps all his bones: not one of them is broken. (cf. John 19:31-33, 36)
Isaiah 52:13-15 13 Behold, my servant*a shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. 14 As many were astonished at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: 15 So shall he sprinkle*b [startle?] many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider.
*a Servant (Isa. 42:1-7; Philip. 2:7-11)
*b Sprinkle [startle?] (cf. Heb. 9:13-14; 12:24; 1 Pet. 1:2)
Isaiah 53:1-12 who*a has believed our report? and to whom is the arm of JEHOVAH revealed? 2 For he shall grow*b up before him as a tender plant, and as a root*c[Heb., netzer]*c out of a dry ground: he has no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.
3 He is despised*d and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he has borne*e our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions*e, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray*f; we have turned every one to his own way; and JEHOVAH has laid*e on him the iniquity of us all.
7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth*g: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off*h out of the land of the living: for the transgression*e of my people was he stricken.
9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich*i in his death; because he had done no violence*j, neither was any deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it pleased JEHOVAH to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering*e for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong*k his days, and the pleasure of JEHOVAH shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear*e their iniquities.
12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great*l, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he has poured out his soul unto death*h: and he was numbered with the transgressors*m; and he bare*e the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
*a who has believed... (Isaiah 53:1 cf. John 12:37-38; Rom. 10:16)
*b grow... (Isaiah 53:2 cf. Isa. 11:1; Jer. 23:5; Zech. 6:12-13)
*c root [netzer] (Isaiah 53:2 A Nazarene cf. Matt. 2:22-23; John 18:5; 19:19; Acts 2:22)
*d despised... (Isaiah 53:3 cf. Psa. 22:6-7; 69:11-12; Matt. 27:39-44; Mark 15:19-20; Heb. 12:2-3)
*e borne our griefs / transgressions/offering (Isa. 53:4, 5, 6 , 8, 10, 11, 12; cf. Matt. 8:17; Heb. 9:28; 1 Pet. 2:24; 3:18; 1 John 2:2)
-A person, not the nation of Israel (Isa. 53:6, 8)
*f gone astray (Isaiah 53:6 cf. 1 Pet. 2:25)
*g opened not his mouth (Isaiah 53:7 cf. Acts 8:32-33; Matt. 26:62-63; 27:12-14; 1 Pet. 2:23)
*h cut off..death (Isaiah 53:8, 9, 12; Dan. 9:26; John 11:49-52; 19:30)
*i rich man (Isaiah 53:9 cf. Matt. 27:57-60; Mark 15:43; John 19:38-40)
*j no violence nor deceit (Isaiah 53:9 cf. Heb. 4:15; 1 Pet. 2:22-23; 1 John 3:5)
*k prolong his days –resurrection (Isaiah 53:10 cf. Psa. 16:9-10; Acts 2:24-28; Rom. 6:9; Rev. 1:18)
*l with the great (Isaiah 53:12 cf. Isa. 52:15; Dan. 2:44-45; 1 Tim. 6:15-16; Col. 1:13; Philip. 2:8-11; Rev. 17:14; 19:16)
*m transgressors (Isaiah 53:12; Matt. 27:38; Luke 23:32-33)
Atonement for sin
Came to the Ancient of Days and received a kingdom
Daniel 7:13-14 13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. 14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.
Sits at right hand of Jehovah God
Zech. 6:12-13 12 And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh JEHOVAH of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH*a; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD: 13 Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest*b upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.
A new and everlasting covenant
Isaiah 55:3-4 3 Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David. 4 Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.
Fountain for sin and uncleanness
His word of the Lord to go out from Jerusalem
Light for the Gentiles
Jehovah glorified among the Gentiles
2 Samuel 22:50
50 Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O JEHOVAH, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name.
49 Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O JEHOVAH, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy name.
2 Awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early. 3 I will praise thee, O JEHOVAH, among the people: and I will sing praises unto thee among the nations.
Isaiah 11:1-12 And there shall come forth a root out of the stem of Jesse*a, and a Branch*b shall grow out of his roots: 2 And the spirit of JEHOVAH shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of JEHOVAH; 3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of JEHOVAH: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears: 4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked. 5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.
6 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. 7 And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. 8 And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den. 9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth*c shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse*a, which shall stand for an ensign*d of the people; to it shall the Gentiles*e seek: and his rest shall be glorious. 11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. 12 And he shall set up an ensign*d for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.
Promised rest to the faithful denied to unfaithful
Jews rejected for disobedience
Triumphant reign of God's anointed son
Psalms 2:1-12 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? 2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against JEHOVAH, and against his anointed*, saying, 3 Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. 4 He that sits in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision. 5 Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. 6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. 7 I will declare the decree: JEHOVAH has said unto me, you are my Son*; this day have I begotten you. 8 Ask of me, and I shall give you the heathen for your inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for your possession. 9 you shall break them with a rod of iron; you shall dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. 10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. 11 Serve JEHOVAH with fear, and rejoice with trembling. 12 Kiss the Son*, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.
Rules in the midst of his enemies
He will be a shepherd over his people
Ezekiel 34:23 23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
Psalms 8:4-6 4 What is man, that you are mindful of him? and the son of man, that you visit him? 5 For you have made him a little lower than the angels, and have crowned him with glory and honor. 6 you made him to have dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet: (Psa. 110:1; Matt. 22:43; 28:18; Mark 12:36-37; Acts 2:34-35; Eph. 1:22; 1 Cor. 15:25-27; Heb. 1:13; 2:8-9; 10:12-13)
Victory over death